C++ is a high-level programming language that allows developers to create efficient and powerful software applications.
- It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983 and is widely used in developing operating systems, software, games, and other applications.
- C++ is an extension of the C language and offers object-oriented programming features such as classes, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.
- Its syntax is similar to that of C, but with additional features that make it more powerful and versatile.
- With its speed, flexibility, and performance, C++ is still widely used in industry and is a popular language for developing complex applications.
Why Use C++?
C++ is a popular choice for developing software applications for several reasons, including:
- Performance: C++ is known for its high performance, which makes it a great choice for developing applications that require speed and efficiency.
- Flexibility: C++ offers a wide range of programming constructs and features, which makes it a flexible language for developing applications.
- Portability: C++ code can be compiled and executed on different platforms, including Windows, Linux, and Mac, making it a portable language.
- Object-oriented programming: C++ supports object-oriented programming, which allows developers to organize their code into classes and objects, making it easier to write and maintain complex applications.
- Low-level programming: C++ allows developers to write low-level code that can interact with hardware, making it suitable for developing embedded systems and device drivers.
- Large community: C++ has a large community of developers and users, which means there are plenty of resources and support available online.
Difference between C and C++
|Paradigm||Procedural programming||Object-oriented programming|
|Classes and Objects||Not supported||Supported|
|Function Overloading||Not supported||Supported|
|Operator Overloading||Not supported||Supported|
|Exception Handling||Not supported||Supported|
|Default Function Arguments||Not supported||Supported|
|Virtual Functions||Not supported||Supported|
Overall, C++ is an extension of C that adds support for object-oriented programming and several other features that make it a more powerful and versatile language. While C is suitable for developing small to medium-sized programs, C++ is a better choice for developing large and complex applications that require object-oriented programming constructs such as classes, inheritance, and polymorphism.