C++ Introduction

C++ is a high-level programming language that allows developers to create efficient and powerful software applications.

  • It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983 and is widely used in developing operating systems, software, games, and other applications.
  • C++ is an extension of the C language and offers object-oriented programming features such as classes, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.
  • Its syntax is similar to that of C, but with additional features that make it more powerful and versatile.
  • With its speed, flexibility, and performance, C++ is still widely used in industry and is a popular language for developing complex applications.

Why Use C++?

C++ is a popular choice for developing software applications for several reasons, including:

  1. Performance: C++ is known for its high performance, which makes it a great choice for developing applications that require speed and efficiency.
  2. Flexibility: C++ offers a wide range of programming constructs and features, which makes it a flexible language for developing applications.
  3. Portability: C++ code can be compiled and executed on different platforms, including Windows, Linux, and Mac, making it a portable language.
  4. Object-oriented programming: C++ supports object-oriented programming, which allows developers to organize their code into classes and objects, making it easier to write and maintain complex applications.
  5. Low-level programming: C++ allows developers to write low-level code that can interact with hardware, making it suitable for developing embedded systems and device drivers.
  6. Large community: C++ has a large community of developers and users, which means there are plenty of resources and support available online.

Difference between C and C++

ParadigmProcedural programmingObject-oriented programming
Classes and ObjectsNot supportedSupported
InheritanceNot supportedSupported
PolymorphismNot supportedSupported
EncapsulationNot supportedSupported
Function OverloadingNot supportedSupported
Operator OverloadingNot supportedSupported
Exception HandlingNot supportedSupported
Default Function ArgumentsNot supportedSupported
Virtual FunctionsNot supportedSupported
TemplatesNot supportedSupported

Overall, C++ is an extension of C that adds support for object-oriented programming and several other features that make it a more powerful and versatile language. While C is suitable for developing small to medium-sized programs, C++ is a better choice for developing large and complex applications that require object-oriented programming constructs such as classes, inheritance, and polymorphism.

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